Motivation in the Workplace through Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Motivation in the Workplace through Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Table of Contents

We obsess about employee motivation at work. Psychologist Abraham Maslow was obsessed with getting to the root of intrinsic motivation. He wanted to know: Why did some people achieve personal fulfillment, and others lived on, half-satisfied, beneath their potential? What encouraged the necessary leap into action when taking ownership of one’s dreams?

After closely studying legends, like Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglass, Maslow concluded that, within every individual’s lifespan lies a universal goal: self-actualization.

Support Self-Actualization

It looks as if there were a single ultimate goal for mankind, a far goal toward which all persons strive. This is called variously by different authors self-actualization, self-realization, integration, psychological health, individuation, autonomy, creativity, productivity, but they all agree that this amounts to realizing the potentialities of the person, that is to say, becoming fully human, everything that person can be.— Maslow

Basically, Maslow decided that, “If you deliberately set out to be less than you are capable, you’ll be unhappy for the rest of your life.”

He created the famous hierarchy of needs, labeling “self-actualization” as the highest pillar. Before self-actualization, one needed to achieve the “lesser” needs, like basic physical comfort, safety, social integration, and esteem.

In short — there’s an inherent need for health, protection, security, love, and respect before living one’s fullest potential.

A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be. — Maslow

Unlock the power. Transform your culture.
The Science of Recognition and Rewards

Read the guide

What this teaches us about intrinsic motivation in the workplace

Too often, employers do not take the science of human needs into account when considering how to motivate their employees. They may cater to lower needs, like security (or fear of losing it). But this only might work for a few months before fizzling out, leaving people as disengaged as they started.

That’s because, as Maslow suggests, humans require personal growth (or transformation into their highest capability) through continuous risk and change.  “One can choose to go back toward safety,” he said, “or [move] forward toward growth. Growth must be chosen again and again; fear must be overcome again and again.”

Creating an atmosphere at work that encourages this personal growth, fulfillment, and self-actualization might just be the key in truly motivating employees on all levels. A self-realized employee, one who consistently makes use of inner talent and creativity, in (personally) new and exciting ways, makes advancements for the organization — but also for themself.

Workplace motivation starts here

Once organizations integrate Maslow’s psychology into their workplace with a system that celebrates individual talents and achievements (like, ahem, a Recognition & Rewards solution in an Employee Engagement Platform) employees will be more likely to become their own Einsteins or Roosevelts.

Imagine what an office full of legends could do for your organization. Ready? Then we should talk.